ESD Standards IEC 61340 ANSI S2020

ESD Standards IEC 61340

Relevant ESD Standards based on Military Specifications.


Electrostatics - Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena -  General requirements

IEC 61340-5-1:2016 is available as IEC 61340-5-1:2016 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.

IEC 61340-5-1:2016 applies to activities that: manufacture, process, assemble, install, package, label, service, test, inspect, transport or otherwise handle electrical or electronic parts, assemblies and equipment with withstand voltages greater than or equal to 100 V HBM, 200 V CDM and 35 V for isolated conductors. ESDS with lower withstand voltages may require additional control elements or adjusted limits. Processes designed to handle items that have lower ESD withstand voltage(s) can still claim compliance to this standard. This standard provides the requirements for an ESD control program. IEC TR 61340-5-2 [9] provides guidance on the implementation of this standard. This standard does not apply to electrically initiated explosive devices, flammable liquids, gases and powders. The purpose of this standard is to provide the administrative and technical requirements for establishing, implementing and maintaining an ESD control program (hereinafter referred to as the "program"). This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Technical requirements were changed to align IEC 61340-5-1 with other industry ESD standards;
b) Reference documents were updated to reflect newly released IEC standards;
c) A section on product qualification was added;
d) Table 4 was deleted and detailed packaging requirements were deferred to IEC 61340-5-3;
e) Clause A.1 was removed and is now included in IEC 61340-4-6.
The contents of the corrigendum of May 2017 have been included in this copy.

Electrostatics - Part 5-2: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena - User Guide

IEC TR 61340-5-2:2018 is available as IEC TR 61340-5-2:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.

IEC TR 61340-5-2:2018, which has been developed to support IEC 61340-5-1, applies to activities that: manufacture, process, assemble, install, package, label, service, test, inspect, transport or otherwise handle electrical or electronic parts, assemblies and equipment with withstand voltages greater than or equal to 100 V HBM, 200 V CDM and 35 V for isolated conductors. Additional control elements or adjusted limits can be applicable for ESDS with lower withstand voltages. This second edition of IEC TR 61340-5-2 has been modified to provide guidance for users of IEC 61340-5-1:2016. The text has been arranged to follow the requirements of IEC 61340‑5‑1:2016 as closely as possible as well as providing specific guidance on each of the requirements of IEC 61340-5-1:2016.

Electrostatics - Part 5-3: Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena - Properties and requirements classifications for packaging intended for electrostatic discharge sensitive devices.

IEC 61340-5-3:2015 defines the ESD protective packaging properties needed to protect electrostatic discharge sensitive devices (ESDS) through all phases of production, rework/maintenance, transport and storage. Test methods are referenced to evaluate packaging and packaging materials for these product and material properties. Performance limits are provided. This standard does not address protection from electromagnetic interference (EMI), electromagnetic pulsing (EMP) or protection of volatile materials. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) removal of all references to ANSI/ESD STM11.13, replaced by normative reference IEC 61340-4-10;
b) additional notes added to Table 1;
c) addition of a new Table 3 related to the "ESD classification symbol" and the "primary function code

Semiconductor devices - Mechanical and climatic test methods - Part 26: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing - Human body model (HBM)
Show all publications »IEC 60749-27:2006+AMD1:2012 CSV Semiconductor devices.
Mechanical and climatic test methods - Part 27: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing - Machine model (MM)

Semiconductor devices - Mechanical and climatic test methods - Part 28: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing - Charged device model (CDM) - device level

Surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters of assessed quality - Part 1: Generic specification

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test

Varistors for use in electronic equipment - Part 1: Generic specification

Electrostatics Part 2-1: Measurements methods - ability of materials and products to dissipate static electric charge

IEC 61340-2-1:2015 describes test methods for measuring the rate of dissipation of static charge of insulating and static dissipative materials and products. It includes a generic description of test methods and detailed test procedures for specific applications. The two test methods for measuring charge decay time, one using corona charging and one using a charged metal plate are different and may not give equivalent results. Nevertheless, each method has a range of applications for which it is best suited. The corona charging method is suitable for evaluating the ability of materials, e.g. textiles, packaging, etc., to dissipate charge from their own surfaces. The charged metal plate method is suitable for evaluating the ability of materials and objects such as gloves, finger cots, hand tools, etc. to dissipate charge from conductive objects placed on or in contact with them. The charged plate method may not be suitable for evaluating the ability of materials to dissipate charge from their own surfaces. In addition to its general application, this horizontal standard is also intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 108. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) the first edition supported requirements in IEC TR 61340-5-1, but with the revision of IEC TR 61340-5-1 into an International Standard, this support is no longer required; references to IEC 61340-5-1 have been removed;
b) the introduction gives additional information on when charge decay time measurements are appropriate, and the applications for which each of the two test methods are best suited;
c) procedures for performance verification of measuring instruments for the corona charging method have been added. It has the status of a horizontal standard in accordance with IEC Guide 108.

Electrostatics Part 2-3: Methods of test for determining the resistance and resistivity of solid planar materials used to avoid electrostatic charge accumulation

IEC 61340-2-3:2016 is available as IEC 61340-2-3:2016 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.

IEC 61340-2-3:2016 describes test methods for the determination of the electrical resistance and resistivity of solid materials used to avoid electrostatic charge accumulation, in which the measured resistance is in the range 10K Ohm to 1T Ohm. It takes account of existing IEC/ISO standards and other published information, and gives recommendations and guidelines on the appropriate method. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) a distinction has been introduced between instrumentation used for laboratory evaluations, instrumentation used for acceptance testing and instrumentation used for compliance verification (periodic testing);
b) an alternative electrode assembly is described, which can be used on non-planar products or when the dimensions of the product under test are too small to allow the larger electrode assembly to be used;
c) the formulae for calculating surface and volume resistivity have been modified to correspond with common industry practice in the main areas of application for the IEC 61340 series.

Electrostatics - Part 3-1: Methods for simulation of electrostatic effects - Human body model (HBM) electrostatic discharge test waveforms

Describes the discharge current waveforms used to simulate human body model (HBM) electrostatic discharges (ESD) and the basic requirements for equipment used to develop and verify these waveforms. This standard covers HBM ESD waveforms for use in general test methods and for application to materials or objects, electronic components and other items for ESD withstand-test or performance-evaluation purposes. The specific application of these HBM ESD waveforms to non-powered semiconductor devices is covered in IEC 60749-26. The waveforms defined in this standard are not intended for use in the testing of powered electronic systems for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), which is covered in IEC 61000-4-2. The major change of this document is that it no longer contains the application to semiconductor devices

Electrostatics - Part 3-2: Methods for simulation of electrostatic effects - Machine model (MM) electrostatic discharge test waveforms

Describes the discharge current waveforms used to simulate human body model (HBM) electrostatic discharges (ESD) and the basic requirements for equipment used to develop and verify these waveforms. This standard covers HBM ESD waveforms for use in general test methods and for application to materials or objects, electronic components and other items for ESD withstand-test or performance-evaluation purposes. The specific application of these HBM ESD waveforms to non-powered semiconductor devices is covered in IEC 60749-26. The waveforms defined in this standard are not intended for use in the testing of powered electronic systems for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), which is covered in IEC 61000-4-2. The major change of this document is that it no longer contains the application to semiconductor devices

Electrostatics Part 4-1: Standard test method for specific applications - Electrical resistance of floor coverings and installed floors

IEC 61340-4-1:2003+A1:2015 Specifies test methods for determining the electrical resistance of all types of floor coverings and installed floors with resistance to ground, point-to-point resistance and vertical resistance of between 104 W and 1013 W. Laboratory evaluations carried out under controlled environmental conditions can be used for classification or quality control purposes. Tests on installed floors under uncontrolled ambient conditions can be used to determine correct installation or as part of an ongoing system verification. The important changes refer only to the specification of test methods but do not contain classification or performance requirements; the test methods refer to resistance measurement, and the specified equipment comply more with those of the other parts of IEC 61340. This consolidated version consists of the second edition (2003) and its amendment 1 (2015). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

Electrostatics - Part 4-2: Standard test methods for specific applications - Electrostatic properties of garments

IEC/TS 61340-4-2:2013 describes test methods and procedures that can be used to evaluate the electrostatic charging and discharging propensity, field suppression properties and charge dissipation properties of garments and materials from which garments are constructed.

Electrostatics Part 4-3: Standard test method for specific applications - Footwear

IEC 61340-4-3:2017 describes a test method for determining the electrical resistance of footwear (shoes, slippers or booties) used in the control of electrostatic potential on people. This document is suitable for use by the manufacturer of footwear as well as the end user. A method for measuring the electrical resistance of footwear alone is described and serves as a qualification test or an acceptance test for new footwear, or as a periodic test of in-use footwear.
Although this document does not include requirements for personal safety, footwear used within the scope of this document in all places of work is regulated by the relevant local statutory requirements regarding the health and safety of all persons.
Insulating footwear is not included within the scope of this document although the electrical resistance measurement techniques can be applicable.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) classification of footwear as electrostatic conductive or electrostatic dissipative has been removed – classification is not specified;
b) environmental classes for laboratory testing have been removed – one set of conditions for pre-conditioning, conditioning and testing is specified;
c) reference to IEC 61340-2-3 for measuring the resistance of the counter electrode inserted inside footwear has been removed.

Electrostatics Part 4-5: Standard test method for specific applications
Methods of characterizing the electrostatic protection of footwear and flooring in combination with a person

IEC 61340-4-5:2018 is also available as IEC 61340-4-5:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.

IEC 61340-4-5:2018 specifies test methods for evaluating electrostatic protection provided by a system of footwear and flooring in combination with a person. Test results are valid only for the specific footwear and flooring combination tested. The test methods are not intended for individual product qualification purposes. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) normative references have been updated;
b) Figure 2 has been improved and expanded to include actual examples of body voltage recordings, and text has been added to explain how to interpret recordings;
c) an alternative walking pattern has been added in an informative annex.

Redline version - Electrostatics - Part 4-5: Standard test methods for specific applications
Methods for characterizing the electrostatic protection of footwear and flooring in combination with a person

IEC 61340-4-5:2018 RLV contains both the official IEC International Standard and its Redline version. The Redline version is not an official document, it is available in English only and provides you with a quick and easy way to compare all the changes between the official IEC Standard and its previous edition. IEC 61340-4-5:2018 specifies test methods for evaluating electrostatic protection provided by a system of footwear and flooring in combination with a person. Test results are valid only for the specific footwear and flooring combination tested. The test methods are not intended for individual product qualification purposes. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) normative references have been updated;
b) Figure 2 has been improved and expanded to include actual examples of body voltage recordings, and text has been added to explain how to interpret recordings;
c) an alternative walking pattern has been added in an informative annex.

Electrostatics - Part 4-6: Standard test method for specific application - Wrist straps 

IEC 61340-4-6:2015 provides electrical and mechanical test methods and performance limits for evaluation, acceptance and periodic verification testing of wrist straps. This standard is intended for testing wrist straps and wrist strap systems used for the grounding of personnel engaged in working with ESD sensitive assemblies and devices. It does not address constant monitoring systems. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) editorial comments made during the review of the first edition were reviewed and incorporated where appropriate;
b) several changes were made to update the Figures and improve the presentation of metric measurements (Imperial measurements have been removed);
c) the option of using an integrated checker for wrist strap system continuity testing has been added;
d) the evaluation and acceptance limit for wrist strap resistance has been changed so as to harmonize with IEC 61340-5-1.

Electrostatics - Part 4-7: Standard test method for specific application - Ionization

IEC 61340-4-7:2017 provides test methods and procedures for evaluating and selecting air ionization equipment and systems (ionizers).
This document establishes measurement techniques, under specified conditions, to determine offset voltage (ion balance) and decay (charge neutralization) time for ionizers. This document does not include measurements of electromagnetic interference (EMI), or the use of ionizers in connection with ordnance, flammables, explosive items or electrically initiated explosive devices. As contained in this document, the test methods and test conditions can be used by manufacturers of ionizers to provide performance data describing their products. Users of ionizers are urged to modify the test methods and test conditions for their specific application in order to qualify ionizers for use, or to make periodic verifications of ionizer performance. The user will decide the extent of the data required for each application. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- the use of contacting plate voltage measurements in addition to the previous non-contacting plate voltage measurements has been added. Charged plate monitors (CPMs) using this technology have been in use in the industry for many years.

Electrostatics - Part 4-8: Standard test method for specific application - Discharge shielding - Bags

IEC 61340-4-8:2014 provides a test method for evaluating the performance of electrostatic discharge shielding bags tested according to the requirements of IEC 61340-5-3. The design voltage for the test apparatus is 1 000 V d.c. The test method presented in this standard can also be applied to packaging other than shielding bags. The purpose of this standard is to ensure that testing laboratories who use this test method to evaluate a given packaging material will obtain similar results. This standard does not address protection from electromagnetic interference (EMI), radio frequency interference (RFI), electromagnetic pulsing (EMP) nor protection against volatile materials. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) modification to the title to include the word "Electrostatic" before discharge shielding";
b) removal of normative references ANSI/ESD STM5.1 and ASTM D-257-78 and replaced by normative references IEC 61340-3-1 and IEC 60093;
c) new normative reference to IEC 61340-5-3 added, because the requirement for shielding bags have been included in this standard;
d) imperial units have been removed.

Electrostatics - Part 4-9: Standard test method for specific application - Garments

IEC 61340-4-9:2016 provides test methods for evaluating the electrical resistance of garments that contain surface conductive or dissipative components or materials used in the electronics industry for the control of electrostatic discharge. This standard defines procedures for measuring electrical resistance, including a system resistance test for garments that provide a ground path for personnel. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) classification of three types of garments
- static control garments,
- groundable static control garments, and
- groundable static control garment system;
b) additional measurements according to the the garment type including cuff measurements, panel to groundable point, testing with a person in the garment system;
c) sleeve to sleeve measurements allowed with probes or by hanging;
d) additional recommended values for new garment types as set out in Annex A

Electrostatics - Part 6-1: Electrostatic control for healthcare - General requirements for facilities

IEC 61340-6-1:2018 applies to facilities that provide healthcare including hospitals, care centres and clinics. This document provides technical requirements and recommendations for controlling electrostatic phenomena in healthcare facilities, which includes requirements for equipment, materials, and products used to control static electricity. The requirements of this document do not apply to medical electrical equipment specified in IEC 60601-1 and in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical equipment specified in IEC 61010‑2‑101.

Integrated circuits - EMC evaluation of transceivers - Part 2: LIN transceivers

Integrated circuits - EMC evaluation of transceivers - Part 3: CAN transceivers

Semiconductor die products - Part 3: Recommendations for good practice in handling, packing and storage

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AES-STAND

IEC 61340-5-1:2016
Electrostatics - Part 5-1: Protection of electronic devices from electrostati...

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